ETS/Theodore Tutorials

Hazardous Waste Incineration
A Self-Instructional Problem Workbook

Louis Theodore
Department of Chemical Engineering
Manhattan Colllege, Riverdale NY

J. Erik Moy
Raytheon Engineers & Constructors, Cambridge MA

Published by ETS Professional Training Institute
1994 Louis Theodore. 419 pages. ISBN 1-882767-14-4.

Table of Contents

Basic Operations
Conversion of Units Weight and Mole Fraction Average Molecular Weight Conservation Law for Mass Temperature Terms Pressure Terms Ideal Gas Law Actual Volumetric Flow Rate and Standard Volumetric Flow Rate Mass Flow Rate and Standard Volumetric Flow Rate Discharge Velocity Reynolds Number Particulate Concentration Collection Efficiency Efficiency of Multiple Collectors Dilution Factor Estimation of Vapor Pressure Gas Concentration Humidity Henry's Law Stoichiometry Complete Combustion of a Gas Incomplete Combustion Conservation Law for Energy Required Heat Rate Gross Heating Value Chemical Reaction Equilibrium Chemical Kinetics Reaction Mechanisms Arrhenius Equation Flow Diagram

Stoichiometry (STC)
STC 1: Stoichiometry
STC 2: Combustion with Stoichiometric Air
STC 3: Combustion with Excess Air
STC 4: Flue Gas Flow Rate
STC 5: Lime Requirements for Acid Gas Control
STC 6: Combustion of a Waste Mixture

Regulations (REG)
REG 1: Destruction and/or Removal Efficiency (DRE)
REG 2: Trial Burns
REG 3: Regulatory Compliance
REG 4: Correcting Particulate Concentration to 50 % Excess Air
REG 5: Correcting Emissions to 7% Oxygen
REG 6: Trial Burn Detection Limits
REG 7: Trial Burn VOST Protocol
REG 8: Conversion Mechanisms for Surrogate POHCs

Pretreatment (PRE)
PRE 1: Brake Horsepower Requirement
PRE 2: Liquid Handling of Hazardous Waste
PRE 3: Solids Handling of Hazardous Waste
PRE 4: Compressors
PRE 5: Tank Farms and Materials of Construction
PRE 6: Estimating Air Emissions: Tank Filling
PRE 7: Feedstock pH Control by Blending
PRE 8: Limiting Lead (Pb) Content in Wastes

Incinerators (INC)
INC 1: Incinerator Residence Time
INC 2: Liquid Injection Incineration Design
INC 3: Rotary Kiln Residence Time
INC 4: Reasonable Dimensions
INC 5: Incineration Operation
INC 6: Incinerator Design Using Kinetic Principles

Sensible Heat Effects (SHE)
SHE 1: Enthalpy Changes
SHE 2: Effect of Temperature on Heat Capacity

Thermochemistry (TMC)
TMC 1: Standard Enthalpy of Reaction
TMC 2: Estimating Incinerator Adiabatic Flame Temperature
TMC 3: Theoretical Adiabatic Flame Temperature (TAFT)
TMC 4: Adiabatic Flame Temperature (AFT)
TMC 5: Theoretical Adiabatic Flame Temperature (TAFT) for a Waste Mixture
TMC 6: Flame Temperature (FT) of a Fuel

Chemical Reaction Equilibrium (CRE)
CRE 1: Chemical Reaction Equilibrium Constant
CRE 2: Chemical Reaction Equilibrium Constant for Sulfur Trioxide
CRE 3: Chemical Reaction Equilibrium Constant for Chlorine
CRE 4: Chlorine Emissions
CRE 5: Carbon Monoxide and Nitric Oxide Emissions
CRE 6: Dissociation of Bromine

Quenchers (QNC)
QNC 1: Quench Alternatives
QNC 2: Spray Tower Quench Design
QNC 3: Quench Water Requirement
QNC 4: Quenching With Air
QNC 5: Quenching With Solids
QNC 6: Adiabatic Saturation Temperature

Waste Heat Boilers (WHB)
WHB 1: Boiler Outlet Temperature
WHB 2: Ganapathy's Design Procedure
WHB 3: Steam Generation Rate
WHB 4: Acid Dew Point Estimation

Air Pollution Control Equipment (APE)
APE 1: Electrostatic Precipitator Design Models
APE 2: Design of a Venturi Scrubber
APE 3: Baghouse Operation
APE 4: Packed Tower Absorber Design with No Data

Solid Waste Incineration Applications (SWI)
SWI 1: Central Disposal Incineration Facilities
SWI 2: Steam Generation from Municipal Solid Waste Incineration
SWI 3: Biomedical Waste Incineration Considerations
SWI 4: Regulatory Compliance for Hospital Waste Incineration

Radioactive Waste Incineration Applications (RWI)
RWI 1: Incineration and Disposal of Radioactive Waste
RWI 2: Regulatory and Safety Concerns for Radioactive Waste Incinerators

Solutions to Problems

Appendix A: SI Units; Conversion Constants; Common Abbreviations
Appendix B: Steam Tables
Appendix C: Psychrometric Charts


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