ETS/Theodore Tutorials

Pollution Prevention
A Self-Instructional Problem Workbook

Louis Theodore
Department of Chemical Engineering
Manhattan College, Bronx NY

Robert Allen
ABB Simcon, Bloomfield NJ

Published by ETS Professional Training Institute
1994 Louis Theodore. 424 pages. ISBN 1-882767-10-1.

Table of Contents

Basic Operations
Conversion of Units Weight and Mole Fraction Average Molecular Weight Temperature Terms Pressure Terms Ideal Gas Law Actual Volumetric Flow Rate and Standard Volumetric Flow Rate Mass Flow Rate and Standard Volumetric Flow Rate Estimation of Vapor Pressure Gas Concentration BOD, COD and UOD Discharge Velocity Reynolds Number Conservation Law for Mass Collection Efficiency Efficiency of Multiple Collectors Stoichiometry Complete Combustion of a Gas Humidity Chemical Kinetics Reaction Mechanisms Arrhenius Equation Chemical Reaction Equilibrium Conservation Law for Energy Required Heat Rate Standard Enthalpy of Reaction Gross Heating Value Linear Regression Analysis Decision Trees Flow Diagrams

Part 1: Introduction to Pollution Prevention
Regulations (REG)
REG 1: Pollution Prevention Hierarchy
REG 2: Ultimate Disposal Options
REG 3: Liability
REG 4: Collection or Destruction and Removal Efficiency

Stoichiometry (STC)
STC 1: Material Balances
STC 2: Incineration Application
STC 3: Dalton's Law of Partial Pressures
STC 4: Thermal Pollution
STC 5: Unknown Hydrocarbon
STC 6: Lime Requirements for Acid Gas Control

Source Reduction (RED)
RED 1: Waste Minimization Assessment Procedure
RED 2: Process and Equipment Modifications

Recycling (CYC)
CYC 1: On-site and Off-site Recycling
CYC 2: Recovery of Potassium Nitrate

Treatment (TRT)
TRT 1: Estimating Incinerator Adiabatic Flame Temperature
TRT 2: Adsorption

Ultimate Disposal (ULT)
ULT 1: Fly Ash Disposal
ULT 2: Deep-well Injection in Salt Beds

Part 2: Volatile Organic Compound Applications
Coating (COT)
COT 1: Emission Factors
COT 2: Furniture Coating
COT 3: Automobile Applications
COT 4: Coating of Cans

Cutback Asphalt (CUT)
CUT 1: Rapid Cure Cutback Asphalt
CUT 2: Emulsion Asphalt

Degreasing (DEG)
DEG 1: Pollution Prevention Options
DEG 2: Cold Cleaner Degreasers
DEG 3: Open Top Vapor Degreasers
DEG 4: Degreaser Emissions Reduction

Petroleum (PET)
PET 1: Recovery of Gasoline Vapors From Tank Trucks
PET 2: Offset for Bulk Plants
PET 3: Gasoline Service Stations
PET 4: Petroleum Storage Tanks

Part 3: Industrial and Domestic Applications
Industrial Applications (IND)
IND 1: Waste Classification
IND 2: Paper Waste Reduction
IND 3: An Industrial Small Quantity Generator (SQG)
IND 4: Weighted Sum Method

Domestic Applications (DOM)
DOM 1: Personal Pollution Prevention
DOM 2: Refueling of Automobiles
DOM 3: Solid Waste Volume Reduction Due to Home Compactor
DOM 4: Water Applications
DOM 5: Community Recycling
DOM 6: Pollution Prevention Through Water Conservation

Energy Conservation (ENC)
ENC 1: Combustion of Coal
ENC 2: Alternate Energy Sources
ENC 3: Retrofitting Office Lighting Systems
ENC 4: Coal Fired Power Plant

Part 4: Other Pollution Prevention Considerations
Degree-of-Freedom Analysis (DOF)
DOF 1: Degree-of-Freedom Analysis
DOF 2: Degree-of-Freedom Analysis: Chemical Reaction
DOF 3: Missing and Excess Information
DOF 4: Degree-of-Freedom Analysis: Energy Application

Economics (ECO)
ECO 1: Rechargeable Batteries
ECO 2: Capital Recovery Factor (CRF)
ECO 3: Total Capital Cost
ECO 4: Pollution Prevention Credits
ECO 5: Paper vs. Ceramic Cups
ECO 6: Reducing Plant VOC Emissions

Ethics (ETH)
ETH 1: Definitions
ETH 2: Human Interactions
ETH 3: Leaking Underground Storage Tanks (LUST)
ETH 4: Theory of Sufficient Challenge

Health and Safety (HSA)
HSA 1: Threshold Limit Values for Mixtures
HSA 2: Ventilation
HSA 3: Feedstock pH Control by Blending
HSA 4: Accidental/Emergency Discharge into a Lake/Reservoir
HSA 5: Lifetime Individual Risk Assessment/Characterization
HSA 6: Effects of VOCs from POTWs

Solutions to Problems

Appendix A: Steam Tables
Appendix B: Psychrometric Chart
Appendix C: SI Units


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